Crushing Metrics: A Guide to Jaw Crusher Capacity Calculation Pdf

Crushing Metrics: A Guide to Jaw Crusher Capacity Calculation Pdf


Jaw crushers are essential equipment in various industries, including mining, aggregate production, and recycling. Their capacity, or the rate at which they can process material, is a critical factor in determining the efficiency and profitability of a crushing operation. Accurate jaw crusher capacity calculation is therefore crucial for optimizing production and minimizing downtime.

Factors Affecting Jaw Crusher Capacity

The capacity of a jaw crusher is influenced by several factors, including:

  • Feed size and shape: Smaller and more irregularly shaped feed material requires more crushing effort, reducing capacity.
  • Material properties: Harder and more abrasive materials require more energy to crush, impacting capacity.
  • Crusher settings: The gap between the fixed and movable jaws, known as the closed side setting (CSS), affects capacity. A smaller CSS produces finer material but reduces capacity.
  • Speed of operation: Higher crusher speeds generally increase capacity, but may also increase wear and tear.
  • Jaw profile: The shape of the crusher jaws can influence material flow and capacity.

Jaw Crusher Capacity Calculation Methods

There are several methods for calculating jaw crusher capacity:

  • Empirical formulas: These formulas use simplified relationships between crusher dimensions, feed characteristics, and capacity. They provide quick estimates but may not be highly accurate.
  • Theoretical models: These models consider the mechanics of crushing and material properties to predict capacity. They are more complex but can provide more accurate results.
  • Simulation software: Specialized software can simulate the crushing process and estimate capacity based on detailed inputs. This method is the most accurate but also the most time-consuming.

Empirical Capacity Calculation Formula

One commonly used empirical formula for jaw crusher capacity calculation is:

Capacity = (Feed rate) x (Feed size factor) x (Material factor) x (CSS factor) x (Speed factor)


  • Feed rate is the rate at which material is fed into the crusher
  • Feed size factor is a constant based on the size and shape of the feed material
  • Material factor is a constant based on the properties of the material being crushed
  • CSS factor is a constant based on the closed side setting
  • Speed factor is a constant based on the crusher speed

Theoretical Capacity Calculation Model

A simplified theoretical model for jaw crusher capacity calculation considers the following factors:

  • Crushing force
  • Material strength
  • Jaw geometry
  • Material flow rate
  • The model can be expressed as:
  • Capacity = (Crushing force) x (Material flow rate) / (Material strength)

Simulation Software for Capacity Estimation

Simulation software, such as discrete element modeling (DEM), can provide highly accurate capacity estimates by simulating the interactions between individual particles within the crusher. These simulations consider factors such as particle size, shape, and material properties.

Importance of Accurate Capacity Calculation

Accurate jaw crusher capacity calculation is essential for:

  • Production planning: Determining the required crusher size and capacity to meet production targets
  • Equipment selection: Selecting the most appropriate crusher for a specific application
  • Process optimization: Maximizing crusher efficiency and minimizing downtime
  • Cost control: Estimating operating costs and optimizing maintenance schedules


Jaw crusher capacity calculation is a critical aspect of crushing operations. By understanding the factors that affect capacity and using appropriate calculation methods, engineers and operators can optimize production, reduce costs, and ensure the efficient operation of their crushing equipment.

Leave a message


We have jaw crushers, impact crushers, cone crushers, sand makers and so on.

Opening Hours:

Mon - Sun, 0:00 - 24:00

24h Online Service

© Zenith. All Rights Reserved. Designed by